Ultimate Guide: How to Make Cannabis Oil at Home Safely

Introduction to Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil has gained significant popularity due to its potential therapeutic benefits, including pain relief, anxiety reduction, and possibly even anti-inflammatory properties for some individuals. Making your own cannabis oil at home can be a fulfilling project and may allow you to tailor your product to your specific needs. However, it's essential to approach the process with caution.

This ultimate guide will walk you through the steps to make cannabis oil safely and effectively. Before we begin, it's crucial to highlight that depending on where you live, the extraction process and possession of cannabis may be subject to legal restrictions. Be sure to review the laws in your area before proceeding. Now, let's dive into the art of homemade cannabis oil.

The Basics of Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil is a concentrated form of the compounds found in the cannabis plant. The two most famous are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is psychoactive, and cannabidiol (CBD), which is not but holds a plethora of studied medical benefits.

The process of making cannabis oil involves extracting these compounds from the plant material. There are various extraction methods ranging from simple at-home practices to complex industrial techniques. We'll focus on a method that can be done safely at home with minimal risk.


Choosing the Right Cannabis

The property of the oil largely depends on the quality and strain of cannabis you start with. Consider the following when selecting your plant material:

  • THC vs. CBD Dominant Strains: Decide whether you want an oil rich in THC, CBD, or a balance of the two.
  • Terpene Profile: Terpenes are compounds that contribute to the flavor and scent of cannabis. They can also affect the therapeutic properties of the oil.
  • Quality and Source: Always use high-quality cannabis that hasn't been subjected to pesticides or harmful chemicals.

Materials Needed for Making Cannabis Oil

  • Cannabis (bud, flower, or trim)
  • High-proof, food-grade alcohol (like Everclear)
  • Mixing bowl
  • Fine strainer (such as cheesecloth or a fine mesh bag)
  • Silicone spatula
  • Double boiler
  • Glass jar for storage
  • Stove
  • Ventilation (fan or open windows)

Safety First: Preparing Your Workspace

Safety cannot be overstated when making cannabis oil, particularly because you'll be dealing with flammable substances and heat. Ensure your workspace is well-ventilated; open windows and use fans.

Never use a gas stove or an open flame for this process due to the risk of fumes igniting. Additionally, keep a fire extinguisher accessible for emergency situations.

Decarboxylating Your Cannabis

Before the extraction, it's essential to activate the cannabinoids through a process called decarboxylation. This involves heating the cannabis to convert the THCA and CBDA into the active forms of THC and CBD.

To decarboxylate, follow these steps:

  1. Grind your cannabis into a coarse powder.
  2. Spread the cannabis onto a baking sheet covered with parchment paper.
  3. Bake in an oven preheated to 245°F (118°C) for 30-40 minutes, stirring every 10 minutes.
  4. Remove from the oven and allow it to cool.

Your cannabis is now activated and ready for extraction.


Extracting THC and CBD with Alcohol

Extraction is where the magic happens:

  1. Place the decarboxylated cannabis in a mixing bowl.
  2. Cover the material with high-proof alcohol until fully submerged. Stir for a few minutes.
  3. Use the fine strainer to filter the plant material from the liquid. Squeeze out as much liquid as possible.

This alcohol-cannabis mixture should now contain the desired cannabinoids. However, it's not yet in oil form.


Reducing the Alcohol: The Final Step to Oil

With your cannabinoid-rich alcohol solution ready, it's time to transform it into a potent oil. This is done by evaporating the alcohol, leaving behind the concentrated cannabis oil.

Here's how to reduce the alcohol safely:

  1. Pour the strained mixture into the top part of a double boiler. Fill the bottom pot with some water to ensure even and gentle heating.
  2. Place the double boiler on a stove and set the temperature to low. Alcohol has a lower boiling point than water, so it will begin to evaporate without excessively heating the cannabis oil.
  3. As the alcohol evaporates, you will start to see the mixture thicken. Use a silicone spatula to gently stir the mixture and prevent burning.
  4. Keep a close eye on the consistency. Once you're down to a thick, syrup-like consistency, your cannabis oil is nearly ready. During this step, it's vital to maintain proper ventilation. Never leave the mixture unattended, since the vapors are highly flammable.

Storing Your Homemade Cannabis Oil

After you've reduced the mixture to the desired consistency, it's time for storage:

  • Allow the cannabis oil to cool for a few minutes, but do not let it harden completely.
  • With care, transfer the warm oil into a glass jar for storage.
  • Secure the lid tightly to prevent air exposure, which can degrade the oil's quality over time.

Remember, homemade cannabis oil has a robust flavor and potency. Start with small amounts when using it to understand how it affects you.


Tips for Proper Dosage and Use

Accurate dosing is crucial, especially if using THC-dominant strains that can profoundly affect your perception and behavior. Always begin with a low dose, especially if you're new to cannabis oils. Over time, you can gradually increase the dose as needed for therapeutic effects.

Here are a few tips:

  • Start Small: A dose as low as one drop may be sufficient for new users or those with low tolerance.
  • Be Patient: It can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours to feel the full effects of cannabis oil, depending on your metabolism and whether you consume it on an empty stomach.
  • Label Clearly: Always label your homemade cannabis oil with the date of production and the THC/CBD content if known. This information is crucial for dosing and long-term storage.


Making your own cannabis oil can be a rewarding experience, offering a customizable approach to consuming cannabis. By using high-quality ingredients and adhering to safety guidelines, you can create a product that matches your therapeutic needs.

Remember to use responsibly and keep out of reach of children and pets. Enjoy the fruits of your labor, and embrace the journey toward deeper understanding and respect for this ancient, multifaceted plant.

Stay tuned to our blog for more detailed guides, tips, and information on the various aspects of cannabis education. Whether you're a seasoned enthusiast or new to the world of cannabis, we're here to support your journey to wellness.